Modeling Resilience to Stormwater During Extreme Weather is a scientific screening tool to help cities understand the impact of stormwater during extreme weather events.
Information from the app can be used to:
This App, developed by Stone Environmental, Inc., for the Esri Global Disaster Resilience App Challenge 2014, provides high-resolution information on runoff accumulation in relation to key infrastructure, public and residential buildings, and flood zones that can be used to influence disaster preparedness policy or to make planning decisions.
Accumulated runoff from user-defined rainfall is compared to runoff generated by a baseline storm to estimate stormwater volume that may exceed the current capacity of city infrastructure. Predictions of vulnerable areas can then be used to prioritize investments to prevent flooding, road damage, and other consequences of infrastructure failure.
The App was created in support of Essential 3 and Essential 4 of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction’s Essentials for Making Cities Resilient.
While the app focuses on Barre, Vermont as the pilot city, this template could be applied anywhere in the world where the relevant spatial data sets are available.
To get the app for your city, email email@example.com.
This tool has been developed using a variety of tools!
The back-end of this tool is based on ArcGIS Server 10.2.2 and a PostGreSQL-based ArcSDE-enabled database. The front-end interacts with the back-end using the ArcGIS Server REST API to retrieve the various map images. There is a custom GeoProcessing service written with Python that provides the results of the flow accumulation modeling.
This tool was built buy our team over a 10-day stretch.
Imagery used was developed in-house.
Stone Environmental's Applied Information Management group loves creating powerful, scientifically accurate tools for our clients across the full spectrum of system platforms. Across those platforms, we use ArcGIS pervasively to help collect, maintain, process, analyze, and interact with the data.
This project's development team is:
And Our Fearless AIM Team Leader!
HOW TO INTERPRET YOUR RESULTS
The ‘Change in Runoff Accumulation” is based on the difference in total storm runoff of a 10-year storm versus the user defined storm. The 10-year storm is assumed to be a baseline for infrastructure capacity, particularly for older systems. If your infrastructure is older and is in an area with a large increase in flow, there is risk of failure during an extreme event.
Depending on the duration of the storm, the estimated increase in flow rate through locations will vary. Linear estimates of flow rates like those shown below can be used to approximate the order of magnitude of the additional flow compared to baseline capacity.
|Storm Duration (hours)||Gallons per Hour||Cubic Feet Per Second (cfs)|
Note that, as a screening tool, flow diverted by infrastructure is not accounted for in these estimates of runoff volume and flow rate. Actual rates will also vary throughout the storm with variations in rainfall intensity and depending on surface roughness, slope, and flow patterns in the watershed.
Analyzing all soils and landuse data to calculate runoff accumulation. This might take a few seconds...